Kratie region in the time of ancient Khmer empires Funan and Chenla.
The kingdom of Sambhupura.
|Two new dynasties arose and
disputed the supremacy with that of Vyadhapura. Nripatindravarman apparently revived the
earlier kingdom of Aninditapura and controlled a western strip of the delta to the sea of
Oc Eo (southern Vietnam), probably establishing his capital at Angkor Borei (Takeo), while
the new dynasty of Sambhupura was building up a kingdom on the
eastern bank of the Mekong river. This dynasty, with its early centers in the vicinity of
the present Sambor and Kratie, seems to have broken off from
Chenla during the reign of Jayavarman I. The name Sambhupura, which has been preserved in
that of Sambor, seems to presume a founder named Sambhuvarmann -
but there is no record of such a person. At any rate, this region assumed great prominence
during two decades of the seventh and the beginning of the eighth centuries. Many
inscriptions and monuments of this period are found there (as the Koh Kuk Krieng temple
near present Sambor). The first ruler of Sambhupura mentioned in Chinese inscriptions is a
female - presumed to have been the daughter of the supposititious Sambhuvarman. This
daughter married Pushkaraksha, son of Nripatindravarman of Aninditapura, and he thus
became king of Sambhupura.
|After the middle of the eighth century Rajendravarman II, in whom was united the blood of the three great rival dynasties of Lower Chenla, reunited all Lower Chenla. He was generally accepted as King of Chenla. The capital was now probably Angkor Borei (Takeo) and inscriptions say that Rajendravarman II was also king of Sambhupura, seeming to indicate that it was not the principal capital. Jayavarman II (7??-850), reunited Upper and Lower Chenla at the beginning of the eighth century. Some scientists identify Jayavarman II with the dynasty of Sambhupura. At the end of 8 century Jayavarman II moved the capital to Hariharalaya (Roluos, Siem Reap) and then to Phnom Kulen mountain area (Siem Reap). The Khmer capital remained in this region until the beginning of Angkor (900) and the capture by Siamese in 1431.|
Upper part of a temple entrance from Sambhupura (Historical Museum Kratie)